State Law: Ohio


This information is intended to familiarize women with employment discrimination law in Ohio so that they may assess the strengths of any claims they may have and understand their rights so that they may informatively talk to their employers if discrimination occurs.


Generally, the Ohio anti-discrimination law R.C. 4112 makes it illegal to discriminate against women because of their sex. While the focus here is on sex, it should be noted that R.C. 4112 also makes it illegal to discriminate based on race, color, religion, national origin, disability, age, or ancestry. Women should read the "Filing Procedures" and "Remedies" sections to understand the process involved in bringing a claim and what remedies they should expect.


Anyone seriously considering taking legal action should consult an attorney. Women should also be aware that those who take their cases to court are not often successful, and large awards are rare. Women may be more successful pursuing alternative dispute resolution methods such as those offered by the Ohio Civil Rights Commission, where all administrative claims must begin.



What does the law say?

What types of discrimination does the law cover?

How do I file a claim?

What can I get if I win?

What if I don't want to sue?

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Click here to download pdf with annotated information on Ohio sex discrimination laws.