State Law: Maryland


If you feel that you have been discriminated against, or that you work in a hostile environment, this information is here to help you understand what you can do to change the situation. In this section, you can familiarize yourself with the employment discrimination laws in Maryland and find out if your situation can be resolved with the current state and federal protections. Knowing your rights is important so that you may effectively talk to your employer and coworkers.

In Maryland, there are several ways to bring a claim of discrimination. There is federal law, which includes Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. There are state laws, including the prohibition the Fair Employment Practices Law. There are local ordinances, including the rules governing towns and universities. In certain cases, there are criminal and tort laws that apply, including assault, battery, intentional infliction of emotional distress, and false imprisonment.

These pages will help inform you as to how to file a claim, what types of behavior are inappropriate, and what remedies you may be entitled to.

In Maryland, you do not need a lawyer to file a claim in court or with the EEOC, but anyone seriously considering legal action should consult a lawyer.

In the following sections, there are two ways to demonstrate that an action or a policy is illegal: disparate impact and disparate treatment. Disparate impact is established when an action or policy seems fair, but the employment process or practice has an unjustified exclusionary effect on a protected class. Disparate treatment is established when an action or policy treats similarly situated people differently because of a prohibited factor. Under federal law, gender is a prohibited factor.

What Does the Law Say

What Types of Discrimination Does the Law Cover

How do I File a Claim

What can I Get if I Win

What if I Don't Want to Sue


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